Colonial New Mexico
New Mexico’s documented military past dates to the earliest stages of contact between the Pueblos and the Spanish.
In a region where resources were limited, human beings and livestock became two of the most coveted commodities.
Predation provided the impetus for the political and economic system that took shape in New Mexico. The cycle of violence remained unbroken until the 1880’s.
At the New Mexico Veterans’ Memorial Colonial New Mexico Kiosk, the history covers, in interesting detail:
- the history of General Stephen H. Kearny at the outbreak of the Mexican war
- the involvement of Cochise, the celebrated Chief of the Chiricahuas
- the effects of the Civil War on New Mexico and surrounding states
- a riveting commentary from Lieutenant General James Longstreet, Commander of the Confederate Army’s First Corps
- the strength of New Mexico’s Volunteer Infantry under the direction of the General-in-Chief Winfield Scott
- the invasion of Texas by New Mexico in 1861
- the battle at Valverde, the Battle of Glorieta Pass in 1862
- the battle at Adobe Walls
- the fierce and mighty Buffalo Soldiers
- Victorio, a remarkably skilled and popular leader of the Warm Springs Chiricahua Apaches and Geronimo, a Bedonkohe Apache leader of the Chiricahua Apache
This history, inscribed on the kiosk, speaks to the blending and clashing of diverse cultures and the inevitable cultural and social turmoil that ensued. This period seemed to have defined Colonial New Mexico.